Thu, 09 Feb 2023

Emerging Technologies: Fusion Energy

20 Dec 2022, 05:20 GMT+10

What exactly is Fusion Energy?
Fusion energy is more familiar to you than you might believe. In reality, you have consumed fusion energy throughout your entire lifetime. Because nuclear fusion is the process that fuels the sun, this is the case. Hydrogen particles fuse into helium at the Sun's core, releasing enormous amounts of energy. This energy manifests as light and heat on Earth. In contrast, nuclear fission is the process by which larger particles are split into smaller ones.

Fusion produces four times more energy than fission and could be the solution to the energy crisis and climate change. Climate change is the process by which human activity alters the global climate, resulting in natural calamities such as famines, forest fires, and floods. The emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane is a significant contributor to climate change. These gases absorb solar heat, causing an increase in temperature.

Currently, fossil fuels are the primary source of energy production. By moving to nuclear fusion, we could potentially get access to an endless and environmentally friendly source of energy. This, however, is easier said than done. Scientists from 35 nations are now constructing the world's first fusion reactor in Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France. The tokamak is a device in the shape of a doughnut in which deuterium and tritium, two isotopes of hydrogen, will be fused to produce hydrogen and a great deal of energy. If their task goes according to plan.

As previously stated, nuclear fusion offers a variety of benefits. For the same amount of fuel, fusion produces four million times more energy than oil combustion and ten million times more than coal combustion. Moreover, water is a significant resource in fusion manufacturing, making the process inexpensive and environmentally friendly. The primary byproduct of nuclear fusion is helium. It is an inert gas that poses no environmental dangers, unlike greenhouse gases.

Fusion generates more energy than fission and is also considerably safer. Fusion generates minimal nuclear waste, and there is no risk of a nuclear meltdown or explosion comparable to that at Fukushima or Chornobyl. This is due to the fact that fusion reactors consume very little fuel at once, and in the event of an accident, the reactor will simply cool down and cease. Thus, there is no possibility of a runaway chain reaction.

Nonetheless, fusion energy production faces numerous obstacles. Creating a fusion reactor is comparable to constructing a little sun on Earth, which is as tough as it sounds. The requisite temperatures and pressures for fusion are much above the melting points of any known material; hence, the plasma must be suspended in a magnetic field. Scientists have not yet discovered the optimal method for achieving this goal. Moreover, fusion energy reactors would consume a substantial amount of the energy they generate.

Despite the fact that fusion does not produce trash, the walls of the fusion vessel become radioactive. If the vessel ruptures, radiation poisoning might be severe for those working at the locations. And while water can make deuterium, tritium is significantly more difficult to produce and is mostly produced in fission reactors. Lastly, establishing fusion reactions on earth could lead to the development of new weapons of mass destruction, posing a threat not just to human civilization but also to all life on the planet's surface.

Matic Academy, Steam Energy, and Fusion Energy
Today's STEAM education will allow us to attain fusion energy tomorrow. Matic Academy is a leader in educating children in Science, Technology, Engineering, the Arts, and Mathematics. It provides STEAM instruction to young children. Our objective is to prepare youngsters for future employment. We intend to educate a generation of future leaders and scientists who will guide mankind and solve its issues. Problems such as global warming. We offer a variety of services to pique children's interest in STEAM. Children can learn to create games and films, which they can then share with their peers.


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